Let’s try to understand depression better.
Depression is a mood disorder that causes distressing symptoms that affect how you feel, think, and handle day-to-day activities like sleeping, eating or working. To be diagnosed with depression (also known as clinical depression or depressive disorder), symptoms must be present for most of the day, for nearly at least two weeks. In addition, people with depression typical suffers from the following symptoms: loss of energy; change in appetite; changes in sleep pattern; anxiety; reduced concentration; indecisiveness; restlessness; feelings of worthlessness, guilt, or hopelessness; and thoughts of self-harm or suicide.
Forms of depression include:
- Major Depression
- Persistent Depressive Disprder
- Bipolar Disorder
- Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
- Psychotic Depression
- Peripartum (Postpartum) Depression
- Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
- Situational Depression
- Atypical Depression
Why is it so important to understand depression? Well, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), the number of people with depression has increased. According to new estimates, the number of individuals living with this mental disorder has increased by over 18% between 2005 and 2015. Depression is also the largest cause of disability worldwide.
Depression is an illness that can happen to anybody, even kids. At worst, this illness can lead to suicide. Fortunately, depression can be effectively prevented and treated. This year’s theme for WHO’s World Health Day is Depression: Let’s Talk. WHO is leading a one-year global campaign on depression and the goal is that more people with depression all over the world seek and get help.
Whether you are going through depression yourself, a counsellor or a journalist, you can benefit from the materials available here:
http://www.who.int/campaigns/world-health-day/2017/en/. Together, we can make this world a better place to live in.